Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, USA
Breast cancer survivors reduce accelerometer-measured sedentary time in an exercise intervention
- Published on May 29, 2019
Cancer survivors are highly sedentary and have low physical activity. How physical activity interventions impact sedentary behavior remains unclear. This secondary analysis examined changes in sedentary behavior among breast cancer survivors participating in a physical activity intervention that significantly increased moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).
Insufficiently active breast cancer survivors were randomized to a 12-week physical activity intervention (exercise arm) or control arm. The intervention focused solely on increasing MVPA with no content targeting sedentary behavior. Total sedentary behavior, light physical activity (LPA), and MVPA were measured at baseline and 12 weeks (ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer). Separate linear mixed-effects models tested intervention effects on sedentary behavior, intervention effects on LPA, the relationship between change in MVPA and change in sedentary behavior, and potential moderators of intervention effects on sedentary behavior.
The exercise arm had significantly greater reductions in sedentary behavior than the control arm (mean − 24.9 min/day (SD = 5.9) vs. − 4.8 min/day (SD = 5.9), b = − 20.1 (SE = 8.4), p = 0.02). Larger increases in MVPA were associated with larger decreases in sedentary behavior (b = − 1.9 (SE = 0.21), p < 0.001). Women farther out from surgery had significantly greater reductions in sedentary behavior than women closer to surgery (b = − 0.91 (SE = 0.5), p = 0.07). There was no significant group difference in change in LPA from baseline to 12 weeks (b = 5.64 (SE = 7.69), p = 0.48).
Breast cancer survivors in a physical activity intervention reduced total sedentary time in addition to increasing MVPA.
- Lauren S. Weiner 1,2
- Michelle Takemoto 1
- Suneeta Godbole 1
- Sandahl H. Nelson 1,2
- Loki Natarajan 1,2
- Dorothy D. Sears 1,2
- Sheri J. Hartman 1,2
UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, USA
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, USA
College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, USA
Journal of Cancer Survivorship