Research Database

379 results for "General Activity"


Factors Leading to Discrepancies in Accumulated Physical Activity During School Hours in Elementary School Students

  • Published on April 27, 2019

Purpose Current in-school physical activity (PA) policies lack regulation, which testifies to the urgency of monitoring in-school moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). This study quantifies the demographical differences of in-school PA among elementary students. Methods Fourth-grade students wore accelerometers during school for 1 week. The teachers logged information for PA setting ...


Pilot Studies to Evaluate Feasibility of a Physical Activity Intervention in Persons with Depression

  • Published on April 25, 2019

Abstract Depressive disorders are associated with high disease burden and high rates of medical comorbidities. Exercise interventions have been shown to reduce depressive symptoms and help improve physical health outcomes in persons with depression. However, the interventions used in studies demonstrating exercise as an efficacious treatment for depression are unlikely ...


Feasibility and outcomes: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise and bladder‐training program vs usual care for community‐dwelling older women with urinary incontinence

  • Published on April 18, 2019

Aims To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise and bladder‐training program vs usual care in community‐dwelling women with urinary incontinence (UI). Methods We conducted a parallel arm, nonblinded, pilot randomized controlled trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise ...


Kids Out; evaluation of a brief multimodal cluster randomized intervention integrated in health education lessons to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior among eighth graders

  • Published on April 17, 2019

Background Most Finnish adolescents are not sufficiently physically active. Health education (HE) provides beneficial starting point for physical activity (PA) promotion in schools. This study evaluates an intervention integrated into three HE lessons to increase PA and reduce sedentary behavior (SB) among eighth graders. Methods All public secondary schools in ...


Longitudinal associations between parents’ motivations to exercise and their moderate-to-vigorous physical activity

  • Published on April 17, 2019

Objectives This study is the first examination of the longitudinal associations between behavioural regulation and accelerometer-assessed physical activity in parents of primary-school aged children. Design A cohort design using data from the B-Proact1v project. Method There were three measurement phases over five years. Exercise motivation was measured using the ...


A secondary analysis of data from the OPTICARE randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of extended cardiac rehabilitation on functional capacity, fatigue, and participation in society

  • Published on April 20, 2019

Objective In this secondary analysis of data from the OPTICARE trial, we compared the effects of two behavioral interventions integrated into cardiac rehabilitation to standard rehabilitation with regard to functional capacity, fatigue, and participation in society. Design This is a randomized controlled trial. Setting This study was conducted in a ...


The effect of sport for LIFE: all island in children from low socio-economic status: a clustered randomized controlled trial

  • Published on April 16, 2019

Background School-based interventions offer the opportunity to increase physical activity, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and nutritional behaviours, yet methodological limitations hinder current research, particularly among under-represented children from low socio-economic status (SES). The aim was to determine the effect of a 12-week physical activity programme, Sport for LIFE: All ...


Validity and responsiveness to change of the Active Australia Survey according to gender, age, BMI, education, and physical activity level and awareness

  • Published on April 15, 2019

Background This study aimed to investigate the validity of the Active Australia Survey across different subgroups and its responsiveness to change, as few previous studies have examined this. Methods The Active Australia Survey was validated against the ActiGraph as an objective measure of physical activity. Participants (n = 465) wore the ActiGraph ...


A mixed methods study of perceived barriers to physical activity, geriatric syndromes, and physical activity levels among older adults with peripheral artery disease and diabetes

  • Published on March 11, 2019

Previous studies suggest a myriad of factors prevent individuals from engaging in physical activity; however, less is known about barriers faced by individuals with multiple chronic conditions, such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) and type 2 diabetes, and how these barriers may impact engagement in physical activity. To date, there are ...