Research Database

351 results for "Activity and Environment"



Physical Activity in Overweight and Nonoverweight Preschool Children

  • Published on 2003

Objective To compare the physical activity levels of overweight and non overweight 3- to 5-y-old children while attending preschool. A secondary aim was to evaluate weight-related differences in hypothesized parental determinants of child physical activity behavior. Design Cross-sectional study. Subjects A total of 245, 3- to 5-y-olds (127 girls, 118 boys) and their ...


Physical Activity and Determinants of Physical Activity in Obese and Non-obese Children

  • Published on 06/2001

Objective To compare the physical activity (PA) patterns and the hypothesized psychosocial and environmental determinants of PA in an ethnically diverse sample of obese and non-obese middle school children. Design Cross-sectional study. Subjects One-hundred and thirty-three non-obese and 54 obese sixth grade children (mean age of 11.4±0.6). Obesity status determined using the ...


Neighborhood-Based Differences in Physical Activity: An Environment Scale Evaluation

  • Published on 09/2003

Objectives This study evaluated a neighborhood environment survey and compared the physical activity and weight status of the residents in two neighborhoods. Methods On two occasions 107 adults from neighborhoods with differing walkability were selected to complete a survey on their neighborhood environment. Physical activity was assessed by self-report and by ...


Linking Objectively Measured Physical Activity With Objectively Measured Urban Form

  • Published on 2005

Background To date, nearly all research on physical activity and the built environment is based on self-reported physical activity arid perceived assessment of the built environment. Objective To assess how objectively measured levels of physical activity are related with objectively measured aspects of the physical environment around each participant’s ...


Correlates of Objectively Measured Physical Activity in Preadolescent Youth

  • Published on 08/1999

Objective The purpose of this study was to identify the psychosocial and environmental correlates of objectively measured physical activity behavior in a diverse sample of sixth-grade students. Design Cross-sectional. Participants and Settings One hundred ninety-eight sixth-grade students from 4 public middle schools in Columbia, South Carolina. The study group was 52.0% female, 55.1% ...


Conquering Childhood Inactivity: Is the Answer in the Past?

  • Published on 02/2005

Purpose The primary purpose of this study was to compare the health-related physical times and physical activity behaviors of Old Order Mennonite children to both rural and. urban-dwelling children living a contemporary Canadian lifestyle. Methods A cross-sectional study design was used to compare the physical fitness and physical activity characteristics ...


Children's Physical Activity: Findings of Accelerometry and GPS Monitoring

  • Published on 04/22/2010

There is growing recognition of the role of the environment in influencing health and health behaviours, and an environment that encourages excess energy intake and reduced energy expenditure is widely considered to be a driving force behind population-wide weight gain. Expert bodies have highlighted the importance of environmental factors on ...


Utility of Accelerometers to Measure Physical Activity in Children Attending an Obesity Treatment Intervention

  • Added on October 3, 2010

Objectives To investigate the use of accelerometers to monitor change in physical activity in a childhood obesity treatment intervention. Methods 28 children aged 7–13 taking part in “Families for Health” were asked to wear an accelerometer (Actigraph) for 7-days, and complete an accompanying activity diary, at baseline, 3-months and 9-months. Interviews with 12 ...