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105 Results for: "Obesity"

Disparities in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among girls and overweight and obese schoolchildren during school- and out-of-school time

  • Published on Mar 22, 2016

Background: Increasing physical activity (PA) during the school day and out-of-school time are critical strategies for preventing childhood obesity and improving overall health. The purpose of the present investigation was to examine schoolchildren’s volume and type of PA during school-time and out-of-school, compared to national recommendations and differences by ...


Places where preschoolers are (in)active: an observational study on Latino preschoolers and their parents using objective measures

  • Published on Feb 29 2016

Background: To combat the disproportionately higher risk of childhood obesity in Latino preschool-aged children, multilevel interventions targeting physical (in) activity are needed. These require the identification of environmental and psychosocial determinants of physical (in) activity for this ethnic group. The objectives were to examine differences in objectively-measured physical activity and ...


Are We There Yet? Compliance with Physical Activity Standards in YMCA Afterschool Programs

  • Published on Aug 2016

Background: In 2011, the YMCA of the United States adopted physical activity standards for all their afterschool programs (ASPs), which call for children to accumulate 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while attending YMCA ASPs. The extent to which youth attending YMCA ASPs achieve this standard is unknown. Methods: Using a ...


Translating an early childhood obesity prevention program for local community implementation: a case study of the Melbourne InFANT Program

  • Published on Aug 8, 2016

Background: While there is a growing interest in the field of research translation, there are few published examples of public health interventions that have been effectively scaled up and implemented in the community. This paper provides a case study of the community-wide implementation of the Melbourne Infant, Feeding, Activity and ...


Fitness and fatness in relation with attention capacity in European adolescents: The HELENA study

  • Added on February 7, 2017

Objectives: To examine the association of health-related physical fitness components and accurate measures of fatness with attention in European adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A sub-sample of 444 adolescents from the HELENA study (14.5 ± 1.2 years) from 6 different countries participated in this study. Adolescents underwent evaluations of fitness (20 ...


The Relationship between Time of Day of Physical Activity and Obesity in Older Women

  • Published on Apr 2016

Background: Physical activity is important for maintaining healthy weight. The time of day when exercise is performed—a highly discretionary aspect of behavior—may impact weight control, but evidence is limited. Thus, we examined the association between the timing of physical activity and obesity risk in women. Methods: A cross-sectional ...


Physical activity, mental health, and weight gain in a longitudinal observational cohort of nonobese young adults

  • Published on July 28, 2016

Objective: To investigate the relationship among moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), mental health symptoms, and weight gain in young adults. Methods: Fifty-nine healthy men and women (age 26.8 ± 4.7 years, body mass index [BMI] 22.4 ± 2.3 kg/m2) were assessed at baseline and year 2. Weight, BMI, fat mass by ...


Action control in dyads: A randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity in everyday life

  • Published on Aug 2016

Rationale: Engaging in regular physical activity requires substantial self-regulatory effort such as action control (e.g., continuously monitoring and evaluating an ongoing behavior with regard to one’s standards). Objective: The present study examined the effectiveness of an ecological momentary action control intervention for promoting daily physical activity. Also, we ...


Physical Activity States of Preschool-Aged Latino Children in Farmworker Families: Predictive Factors and Relationship With BMI Percentile

  • Published on Jul 2016

Background: Obesity disproportionately affects children of Latino farmworkers. Further research is needed to identify patterns of physical activity (PA) in this group and understand how PA affects Body Mass Index (BMI) percentile. Methods: Two hundred and forty-four participants ages 2.5 to 3.5 in the Niños Sanos longitudinal study wore accelerometers that ...


Study design and protocol for moving forward: a weight loss intervention trial for African-American breast cancer survivors

  • Published on Dec. 29, 2015

Background: Breast cancer survival rates are significantly lower among African-American women compared to white women. In addition, African-American women with breast cancer are more likely than white women to die from co-morbid conditions. Obesity is common among African-American women, and it contributes to breast cancer progression and the development and ...