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315 Results for: "General Activity"

Validity of treadmill- and track-based individual calibration methods for estimating free-living walking speed and VO2 using the Actigraph accelerometer

  • Published on Nov 25, 2015

Background: For many patients clinical prescription of walking will be beneficial to health and accelerometers can be used to monitor their walking intensity, frequency and duration over many days. Walking intensity should include establishment of individual specific accelerometer count, walking speed and energy expenditure (VO2) relationships and this can be ...


Sedentary Behavior, Cadence, and Physical Activity Outcomes after Knee Arthroplasty

  • Published on Jan 2017

Purpose: This study comprehensively examined sedentary behavior and physical activity patterns in people with severe knee osteoarthritis awaiting total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and in individuals after TKA. Methods: Preoperative (n = 32, mean ± SD = 69.9 ± 5.3 yr) and 1-yr postoperative participants with TKA (n = 38, 67.9 ± 7.3 yr) wore ActiGraph GT3X+ activity monitors ...


Daily Weather and Children’s Physical Activity Patterns

  • Published on Nov 2016

Introduction: Understanding how the weather affects physical activity (PA) may help in the design, analysis, and interpretation of future studies, especially when investigating PA across diverse meteorological settings and with long follow-up periods. The present longitudinal study first aims to examine the influence of daily weather elements on intraindividual PA ...


Changes in Physical Activity and Function with Transition to Retirement Living: A Pilot Study

  • Published on Dec 2016

This pilot study examined changes in physical activity and function among older adults moving from community dwellings to retirement living. Twelve community-dwelling older adults, recruited from the wait-lists of two retirement living facilities, were assessed prior to and following the transition to retirement living. Physical activity was assessed using an ...


Proportion of children meeting recommendations for 24-hour movement guidelines and associations with adiposity in a 12-country study

  • Published on Nov 25, 2016

Backgrounds: The Canadian 24-h movement guidelines were developed with the hope of improving health and future health outcomes in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence to the 3 recommendations most strongly associated with health outcomes in new 24-h movement guidelines and their relationship with adiposity (...


The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity

  • Published on Dec 9, 2016

Background: The study aimed to investigate if psychosocial factors moderate the association between objective walkability and different domains of children’s physical activity (PA). A second aim of the study was to investigate the direct associations between psychosocial factors and children’s PA. Based on previous literature, it was hypothesized ...


Metric properties of the “prescribe healthy life” screening questionnaire to detect healthy behaviors: a cross-sectional pilot study

  • Published on Dec 7, 2016

Background: Feasible and valid assessment of healthy behaviors is the first step for integrating health promotion in routine primary care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the validity and reliability of the “prescribe healthy life” screening questionnaire, a brief tool for detecting physical activity ...


Classifiers for Accelerometer-Measured Behaviors in Older Women

  • Published on Mar 2017

Purpose: Machine learning methods could better improve the detection of specific types of physical activities and sedentary behaviors from accelerometer data. No studies in older populations have developed and tested algorithms for walking and sedentary time in free-living daily life. Our goal was to rectify this gap by leveraging access ...


Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Inflammatory and Hemostatic Markers in Men

  • Published on Mar 2017

Purpose: This study aimed to determine whether higher levels of physical activity (PA) and less sedentary behavior (SB) are associated with less inflammation, indicated by inflammatory and hemostatic biomarkers, in older men. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1139 men, from the British Regional Heart Study (mean ± SD age = 78 ± 5 yr), ...


Physical Activity and Pediatric Obesity: A Quantile Regression Analysis

  • Published on Mar 2017

Purpose: We aimed to determine whether moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were independently associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in children and adolescents. Methods: Data from the International Children's Accelerometry Database were used to address our objectives (N = 11,115; 6–18 yr; 51% female). ...