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17 Results for: "Diet"

Accelerometer determined sedentary behavior and dietary quality among US adults

  • Published on July 2, 2015

Objective: Scant evidence exists pertaining to objectively measured sedentary time and dietary quality among adults. Therefore, we examined the relationships between sedentary time, physical activity, and dietary quality. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses of a 4,910 US adults from two cycles (2003–2006) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The primary independent ...


Misreporting of energy intake in a new web-based food record for children and adolescents

  • Presented on 2015

Background: Misreporting of energy intake is well known from traditional dietary assessment methods, and assessment among the youngest is especially challenging. Web-based tools are increasingly popular. However, little is known whether these web-tools improve the recording accuracy. Objective: To assess the accuracy of children and adolescent's energy intake estimated from ...


Secular differences in the association between caloric intake, macronutrient intake, and physical activity with obesity

  • Published on Sept. 14, 2015

Background: To determine whether the relationship between caloric intake, macronutrient intake, and physical activity with obesity has changed over time. Methods: Dietary data from 36,377 U.S. adults from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) between 1971 and 2008 was used. Physical activity frequency data was only available in 14,419 adults between 1988 and 2006. ...


Diet quality and physical activity in relation to childhood obesity

  • Published on Aug. 15, 2015

Objective: Healthy lifestyles such as being physically active and eating a healthy diet help reduce the childhood obesity risk. However, population-level studies on the relationship between lifestyles and childhood obesity typically focus on either physical activity or diet but seldom both. This study examined physical activity and diet quality in ...


Association of Concurrent Healthy Eating and Regular Physical Activity With Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in U.S. Youth

  • Published on Nov. 5, 2014

Purpose: Examine whether concurrently consuming a healthy diet and regularly being physically active among U.S. youth is more favorably associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers than other physical activity and dietary patterns. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: United States (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) 2003–2006. Subjects: Two thousand six hundred ...


Effect of intervention aimed at increasing physical activity, reducing sedentary behaviour, and increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in children: Active for Life Year 5 (AFLY5) school based cluster randomised controlled trial

  • Published on May 27, 2014

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a school based intervention to increase physical activity, reduce sedentary behaviour, and increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Design: Cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting: 60 primary schools in the south west of England. Participants: Primary school children who were in school year 4 (age 8-9 ...


The Active for Life Year 5 (AFLY5) school based cluster randomised controlled trial: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

  • Published on July 24, 2011

Background: Low levels of physical activity, high levels of sedentary behaviour and low levels of fruit and vegetable consumption are common in children and are associated with adverse health outcomes. The aim of this paper is to describe the protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) designed to evaluate ...


Post Intervention Differences in Steps Accumulated at Moderate Intensity Cadences

  • Presented on April 4, 2014

Background/Purpose: It has been shown that pedometer-based physical activity interventions are an effective means to promote increases in daily ambulation (steps/day). It is not known however at what cadence (steps/min) participants accumulate more steps in as a result of such interventions. Therefore, the purpose of this study ...


Sleep Variability and Nutrition Intake in Adolescents: The Penn State Child Cohort

  • Presented on June 2, 2014

Introduction: The association between habitual sleep patterns and nutrition intake is not fully understood, especially in adolescents. We investigated the association between habitual sleep duration and its variability with nutrition intake in population-based adolescents of the Penn State Child Cohort (PSCC) follow-up examination. Methods: An actigraph (GT3X) and a ...


Perception of Recreation Facilities, Urban Green Spaces and Food Retailer: Relationship with Physical Activity and Junk Food Intake

  • Presented on July 3, 2014

Introduction: Nowadays, many researchers have been focused on complex relationship between urban environment attributes and healthy behaviors as physical activity (PA) and dietary intake. However, there are major gaps in our understanding of the way shifts in the physical and social environments affect changes in dietary intake, physical activity patterns ...