Research Database

33 results for "Diabetes"

Age- and sex-related differences in heart rate variability are present despite the suitable level of accelerometer-based physical activity

  • Published on May 2015

Background: Previous studies have described the age- and sex-related differences in heart rate variability (HRV) regardless of the level of physical activity in daily life (PADL). However, such studies were based in the assessment of PADL by means of questionnaires, which present important recall limitations. The influence of age and ...


The impact of accelerometer wear location on the relationship between step counts and arterial stiffness in adults treated for hypertension and diabetes

  • Published on Aug 24, 2017

Objectives: Accelerometer placement at the wrist is convenient and increasingly adopted despite less accurate physical activity (PA) measurement than with waist placement. Capitalizing on a study that started with wrist placement and shifted to waist placement, we compared associations between PA measures derived from different accelerometer locations with a responsive ...


Accelerometer-Derived Total Activity Counts, Bouted Minutes of Moderate to Vigorous Activity, and Insulin Resistance: NHANES 2003–2006

  • Published on Oct 20, 2016

Introduction: The objective of this study was to compare the associations of accelerometer-derived total activity counts per day and minutes of bouted moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with insulin resistance. Methods: The sample included 2,394 adults (aged ≥20 y) from the 2003–2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Time spent in MVPA, ...


Association of the magnitude of weight loss and changes in physical fitness with long-term cardiovascular disease outcomes in overweight or obese people with type 2 diabetes: a post-hoc analysis of the Look AHEAD randomised clinical trial

  • Added on August 30, 2017

Background: Findings from the Look AHEAD trial showed no significant reductions in the primary outcome of cardiovascular disease incidence in adults with type 2 diabetes randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention for weight loss compared with those randomly assigned to diabetes support and education (control). We examined whether the incidence ...


Longitudinal associations of lifestyle factors and weight status with insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in preadolescent children: the large prospective cohort study IDEFICS

  • Published on Sep 2, 2016

Background: This study investigates prospective associations of anthropometrical and lifestyle indices with insulin resistance (IR) in European children from the IDEFICS cohort. Insulin resistance (IR) is a growing concern in childhood obesity and a central aspect of the metabolic syndrome (MS). It most likely represents the link between obesity and ...


Physical activity and risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and ischemic stroke events: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

  • Published on Aug 9, 2016

Objective: To quantify the dose-response associations between total physical activity and risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and ischemic stroke events. Design: Systematic review and Bayesian dose-response meta-analysis. Data Sources: PubMed and Embase from 1980 to 27 February 2016, and references from relevant systematic reviews. Data from the Study ...


Changes in regional body composition over 8 years in a randomized lifestyle trial: The look AHEAD study

  • Published on Jul 28 2016

Objective: To test the hypothesis that an 8-year intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) suppresses aging-dependent changes in regional lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) among people with overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods: Regional body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry within a subset of 1,019 volunteers (45–75 years old) in ...


SCAPIS Pilot Study: Sitness, Fitness and Fatness— Is Sedentary Time Substitution by Physical Activity Equally Important for Everyone’s Markers of Glucose Regulation?

  • Published on July 2016

Background: Although moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is mainly recommended for glucose control, light physical activity (LIPA) may also have the potential to induce favorable changes. We investigated sedentary time (SED) substitution with equal time in LIPA and MVPA, and the association with markers of glucose regulation and insulin sensitivity after ...



Abdominal obesity as a mediator of the influence of physical activity on insulin resistance in Spanish adults

  • Published on Nov. 19, 2015

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and insulin resistance (IR) in Spanish adults and to examine whether this relationship is mediated by abdominal obesity (waist circumference — WC). Methods: The cross-sectional study included 1162 healthy subjects belonging to the EVIDENT study (mean ...