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59 Results for: "Chronic Disease"

A randomised controlled trial of a physical activity and nutrition program targeting middle-aged adults at risk of metabolic syndrome in a disadvantaged rural community

  • Published on 2015

Background: Approximately 70% of Australian adults aged over 50 are overweight or obese, with the prevalence significantly higher in regional/remote areas compared to cities. This study aims to determine if a low-cost, accessible lifestyle program targeting insufficiently active adults aged 50-69 y can be successfully implemented in a rural location, and ...


Associations of Sedentary Time with Fat Distribution in a High-Risk Population.

  • Published on Nov. 10, 2014

Purpose: The effect of sedentary behaviour on regional fat deposition, independent of physical activity remains equivocal. We examined the cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and markers of regional fat distribution (heart, liver, visceral, subcutaneous and total body fat) in a population at a high risk of type 2 diabetes ...


Associations of Sedentary Time with Fat Distribution in a High-Risk Population.

  • Published on Nov. 10, 2014

Purpose: The effect of sedentary behaviour on regional fat deposition, independent of physical activity remains equivocal. We examined the cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and markers of regional fat distribution (heart, liver, visceral, subcutaneous and total body fat) in a population at a high risk of type 2 diabetes ...


Patterns of Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in South Asian Women

  • Presented on July 3, 2014

Introduction: South Asian (SA) women in the United Kingdom (UK) are at high risk for the development of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular health disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes, and the few published studies with these groups indicate low levels of self-reported physical activity (PA). Increasing PA and reducing sedentary ...


Moderate-to-vigorous Physical Activity And Sleep Duration Associate With Greater Odds Of Hypertension: Nhanes 2005-2006

  • Presented on May 29, 2014

Purpose: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep behaviors have been independently associated with increased risk for hypertension (HTN), the leading risk factor for stroke and heart disease. However, these behaviors may be synergistic in contributing to HTN. The purpose of this study was to examine the odds of hypertension diagnosis (...


Daily physical activity and physical function in adult maintenance hemodialysis patients

  • Added on July 7, 2014

Abstract: Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients reportedly display reduced daily physical activity (DPA) and physical performance. Low daily physical activity and decreased physical performance are each associated with worse outcomes in chronic kidney disease patients. Although daily physical activity and physical performance might be expected to be related, few studies have ...


Relation between anxiety, depression, and physical activity and performance in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

  • Published on July 2014

Objective: Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients have a high prevalence of anxiety and depression and decreased daily physical activity (DPA) and exercise capacity. Because affective disorders may affect DPA and physical performance, we investigated possible relationships between anxiety or depression and DPA and physical performance in relatively healthy MHD patients. Design ...


Directly-Measured Physical Activity Predicts Re-Hospitalization Within Thirty Days Following Discharge For A COPD Exacerbation

  • Presented on May 19, 2014

Background: Lower levels of physical activity are related to increased health care utilization and mortality risk in patients with COPD. Since re-hospitalization within 30 days following discharge for a COPD exacerbation is considered an important outcome, we evaluated the relationship between physical activity and 30-day readmission. Methods: Thirty-four patients discharged following ...


The German National Cohort: aims, study design and organization

  • Presented on May 20, 2014

Abstract: The German National Cohort (GNC) is a joint interdisciplinary endeavour of scientists from the Helmholtz and the Leibniz Association, universities, and other research institutes. Its aim is to investigate the causes for the development of major chronic diseases, i.e. cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, neurodegenerative/-psychiatric diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, ...


Physical activity, sedentary time, and pericardial fat in healthy older adults

  • Published on Oct. 2012

Abstract: Pericardial fat is emerging as a unique risk factor for coronary disease. We examined the relationship between objectively measured physical activity during free-living and pericardial fat. Participants were 446 healthy men and women (mean age = 66 ± 6 years), without history or objective signs of cardiovascular disease (CVD), drawn from the Whitehall ...