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433 Results for: "Children"

Are We There Yet? Compliance with Physical Activity Standards in YMCA Afterschool Programs

  • Published on Aug 2016

Background: In 2011, the YMCA of the United States adopted physical activity standards for all their afterschool programs (ASPs), which call for children to accumulate 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while attending YMCA ASPs. The extent to which youth attending YMCA ASPs achieve this standard is unknown. Methods: Using a ...


Validation of thigh-based accelerometer estimates of postural allocation in 5–12 year-olds

  • Published on Aug 12, 2016

Objectives: To validate activPAL3™ (AP3) for classifying postural allocation, estimating time spent in postures and examining the number of breaks in sedentary behaviour (SB) in 5–12 year-olds. Design: Laboratory-based validation study. Methods: Fifty-seven children completed 15 sedentary, light- and moderate-to-vigorous intensity activities. Direct observation (DO) was used as the criterion ...


Translating an early childhood obesity prevention program for local community implementation: a case study of the Melbourne InFANT Program

  • Published on Aug 8, 2016

Background: While there is a growing interest in the field of research translation, there are few published examples of public health interventions that have been effectively scaled up and implemented in the community. This paper provides a case study of the community-wide implementation of the Melbourne Infant, Feeding, Activity and ...


Does home equipment contribute to socioeconomic gradients in Australian children’s physical activity, sedentary time and screen time?

  • Published on Aug 5, 2016

Background: Activity behaviours (physical activity, sedentary time and screen time) have been linked to health outcomes in childhood. Furthermore, socioeconomic disparities have been observed in both children’s activity behaviours and health outcomes. Children’s physical home environments may play a role in these relationships. This study aimed to examine ...


Permanent play facility provision is associated with children’s time spent sedentary and in light physical activity during school hours: A cross-sectional study

  • Published on Dec 2016

Objective: To study the associations between: 1) number of permanent outdoor play facilities per pupil and 2) the size of the outdoor play area per pupil with sedentary time and physical activity (PA) during school hours in six-, nine-, and 15-year olds. We conducted a cross-sectional study of nationally representative samples of ...


Classification of physical activity intensities using a wrist-worn accelerometer in 8-12-year-old children.

  • Published on 11 Apr, 2016

Background: Population-specific accelerometer cut-points are required to accurately determine the accumulation of physical activity of various intensities. Objectives: A calibration study was conducted (i) to determine the cut-points for the ActiGraph GT3X+, non-dominant, wrist-mounted accelerometer in children aged 8-12 years and (ii) to compare classification accuracies among the accelerometer's ...


Calibration and Cross-Validation of the ActiGraph wGT3X+ Accelerometer for the Estimation of Physical Activity Intensity in Children with Intellectual Disabilities

  • Published on Oct 19, 2016

Background: Valid objective measurement is integral to increasing our understanding of physical activity and sedentary behaviours. However, no population-specific cut points have been calibrated for children with intellectual disabilities. Therefore, this study aimed to calibrate and cross-validate the first population-specific accelerometer intensity cut points for children with intellectual disabilities. Methods: ...


Spatial physical activity patterns among primary school children living in neighbourhoods of varying socioeconomic status: a cross-sectional study using accelerometry and Global Positioning System

  • Published on Mar 22, 2016

Background: Neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) has been shown to be related to health status and overweight independent of individual SES. However, results about the association between neighbourhood SES and physical activity among children are ambiguous. Particularly, it is unknown how socioeconomic factors influence the spatial context of children’s moderate-vigorous ...


Evaluation of an unstructured after school physical activity program for disadvantaged youth

  • Published on Mar 23, 2016

The purpose of the study was to conduct an evaluation of an unstructured afterschool physical activity (PA) programme (Keep it Moving!; KIM) in an ethnically diverse and low socio-economic status (SES) school district. PA of students in 3rd–5th grades (N = 205) at four elementary schools were assessed during spring 2012. An ...


Correlates of Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity in Brazilian Children

  • Published on 2016

Background: Few studies have used ecological models to study multiple levels of association with objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in young children from middle-income countries. The purpose of this study was to examine potential correlates of objectively measured MVPA in Brazilian children. Methods: The sample consisted of 328 children. An ...