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58 Results for: "Cardiovascular Disease"

Association of the magnitude of weight loss and changes in physical fitness with long-term cardiovascular disease outcomes in overweight or obese people with type 2 diabetes: a post-hoc analysis of the Look AHEAD randomised clinical trial

  • Added on August 30, 2017

Background: Findings from the Look AHEAD trial showed no significant reductions in the primary outcome of cardiovascular disease incidence in adults with type 2 diabetes randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention for weight loss compared with those randomly assigned to diabetes support and education (control). We examined whether the incidence ...


Sedentary Time, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Cardiovascular Risk Factor Clustering in Older Adults–the Generation 100 Study

  • Published on Oct 2016

Objective: To determine whether meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations and/or having high age-specific cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) attenuate the adverse effect of prolonged sedentary time on cardiovascular risk factor (CV-RF) clustering in older adults. Patients and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of Norwegian women (495) and men (379) aged 70 to 77 years ...


Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, and Abdominal Adipose Tissue Deposition

  • Published on Mar 2017

Purpose: We examined whether sedentary lifestyle habits and physical activity level are associated with abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT), and liver attenuation, independently of one another and potential confounders. Methods: This study analyzed 3010 African American and Caucasian men and women, 42–59 yr ...


Physical Activity in Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Measured by Accelerometry: A Candidate Clinical Endpoint

  • Published on July 15, 2017

Background Although the six-minute walk distance is well established as a clinically relevant endpoint for adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), this endpoint is less applicable to infants and children who may be unable to participate in such testing. Thus, there is a critical need to develop and validate means ...


Estimating energy expenditure during outdoor level walking using Global Positioning System or accelerometry in patients with peripheral artery disease

  • Published on Jun 21, 2017

Introduction. Estimating energy expenditure (EE) related to outdoor walking capacity in peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients could allow a better standardization of the assessment of their limitations during free-living outdoor walking. However, there is no data regarding the accuracy of ambulatory methods to perform such estimations. Our aim was to ...


Correlates of objectively measured physical activity in cardiac patients.

  • Published on 6 Oct, 2014

Cardiac patients would benefit from increasing their physical activity (PA) levels. Understanding of factors that influence cardiac patients' PA participation would benefit the development of effective interventions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine correlates of objectively-measured PA in cardiac patients. Participants were 65 cardiac patients (74% male, 95% white), age 58.6...


Physical activity in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: prevalence of inactivity and perceived barriers

  • Published on Jul 20, 2016

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity and perceived barriers to physical activity among individuals with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and to determine potential demographic, clinical and health-related factors influencing likelihood of meeting physical activity guidelines. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients (n=198) with ...


Accelerometer-determined physical activity and the cardiovascular response to mental stress in children

  • Published on Jun 1st, 2016

Objectives: Cardiovascular reactivity has been associated with future hypertension and cardiovascular mortality. Higher physical activity (PA) has been associated with lower cardiovascular reactivity in adults, but little data is available in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between PA and cardiovascular reactivity to mental stress ...


Cardiorespiratory Fitness Among Individuals With Psoriasis in the General Population

  • Published on Jul 2016

Background Psoriasis confers risk for cardiometabolic disorders. Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely associated with risk of cardiometabolic disorders in other populations, but limited data have been published assessing cardiorespiratory fitness among individuals with psoriasis. This investigation aimed to: 1) assess cardiorespiratory fitness among individuals with psoriasis in the general population; and 2) compare ...


Objectively measured physical activity, sedentary time and subclinical vascular disease: Cross-sectional study in older British men

  • Published on Aug 2016

Low physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary time (ST) are associated with higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among older people. However, their independent contribution and importance of duration of PA and ST bouts remain unclear. We investigated associations between objectively measured PA, ST and non-invasive vascular measures, markers ...