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11 Results for: "Adults"

Step-Based Physical Activity Metrics and Cardiometabolic Risk: NHANES 2005–2006

  • Published on Feb 2017

Purpose: This study aimed to catalog the relationships between step-based accelerometer metrics indicative of physical activity volume (steps per day, adjusted to a pedometer scale), intensity (mean steps per minute from the highest, not necessarily consecutive, minutes in a day; peak 30-min cadence), and sedentary behavior (percent time at zero ...


The Effect of a Healthy Lifestyle on Future Physical Functioning in Midlife Women

  • Published on Feb 2017

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the prospective association between healthy lifestyle behaviors and objectively measured physical function in midlife women. Methods: Participants included 1769 racially/ethnically diverse women, ages 56–68 yr, from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation cohort. Physical function was assessed at the 13th follow-up visit ...


Accuracy of an automated algorithm to detect nocturnal sleep in adults using 24-h waist accelerometry

  • Published on Jun 21, 2017

Purpose: We previously developed and tested the accuracy of an automated algorithm implemented using SAS to detect bed time, wake time, and sleep period time (SPT) in a sample of children. The purpose of this study was to test the accuracy of the algorithm in an adult sample. Methods: 104 adults ...


Moderate Physical Activity is Associated with Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Adults at Risk for Alzheimer’s Disease

  • Published on Jun 23, 2017

The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between accelerometer-measured physical activity (PA) and glucose metabolism in asymptomatic late-middle-aged adults. Ninety-three cognitively healthy late-middle-aged adults from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer’s Prevention participated in this cross-sectional study. They underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging and wore ...


Estimating energy expenditure during outdoor level walking using Global Positioning System or accelerometry in patients with peripheral artery disease

  • Published on Jun 21, 2017

Introduction. Estimating energy expenditure (EE) related to outdoor walking capacity in peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients could allow a better standardization of the assessment of their limitations during free-living outdoor walking. However, there is no data regarding the accuracy of ambulatory methods to perform such estimations. Our aim was to ...


Utility of ActiGraph wear sensor in assessing wear-time in 24-hour wrist measurement

  • Published on Jun 21, 2017

There are no standard procedures for identifying wake wear, sleep wear and non-wear time from the 24-h accelerometer recordings. Participant diaries increase participant burden and frequently have missing values. The Choi algorithm identifies 90-min consecutive zero counts as non-wear time, allowing for 2 minutes of non-zero counts, thus possibly ignoring short ...


More high intensity physical activity in the population with new method to process ActiGraph accelerometer data

  • Published on Jun 21, 2017

Introduction: Our research group has developed the processing of raw acceleration data to ActiGraph counts for improved assessment of high intensity physical activity. The aim of the present study was to apply this new processing method to large population data and investigate the effect on physical activity compared to the ...


Comparing methods for creating an overall physical activity estimate from multiple accelerometer days

  • Published on Jun 21, 2017

Background: Accelerometers provide an objective assessment of physical activity and are frequently deployed for at least multiple days. However, it is unclear how to summarize multiple days into one overall physical activity estimate, particularly in the presence of missing data. This study compared summarization method prediction and precision, and the ...


Estimating Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in a Free-Living Context: A Pragmatic Comparison of Consumer-Based Activity Trackers and ActiGraph Accelerometry

  • Published on Jul 9, 2016

Background: Activity trackers are increasingly popular with both consumers and researchers for monitoring activity and for promoting positive behavior change. However, there is a lack of research investigating the performance of these devices in free-living contexts, for which findings are likely to vary from studies conducted in well-controlled laboratory settings. ...


Testing the activitystat hypothesis: a randomised controlled trial

  • Published on Aug 30, 2016

Abstract: It has been hypothesised that an ‘activitystat’ may biologically regulate energy expenditure or physical activity levels, thereby limiting the effectiveness of physical activity interventions. Using a randomised controlled trial design, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a six-week exercise stimulus on energy expenditure ...