Research Database

278 results for "Activity and Environment"

Living near the port area is associated with physical inactivity and sedentary behavior

  • Published on Jan/Feb 2017

Context and Objective: The impact of the port of Santos, Brazil, on the population’s health is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the association between living near the port area and physical inactivity and sedentary behavior. Design and Setting: Cross-sectional study developed at a university laboratory and a diagnostic clinic. ...


Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial

  • Published on Oct 2017

Background/Objectives: To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet). Subjects/Methods: A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated in this study. Parental ...



The relations between sleep, time of physical activity, and time outdoors among adult women

  • Published on Sep 6, 2017

Physical activity and time spent outdoors may be important non-pharmacological approaches to improve sleep quality and duration (or sleep patterns) but there is little empirical research evaluating the two simultaneously. The current study assesses the role of physical activity and time outdoors in predicting sleep health by using objective measurement ...



Preschoolers' Physical Activity Participation Across a Yearlong Mastery-Motivational Climate Intervention

  • Published on Sep 2017

Purpose: This study sought to determine how children's participation in physical activity during a mastery-motivational climate changed during a 20-week intervention and to compare it to children's free-play activity during a typical day at their local day-care facility. Method: Twelve 4-year-old children participated in a mastery-motivational climate physical activity program ...


Increases in Use and Activity Due to Urban Renewal: Effect of a Natural Experiment.

  • Published on Sep 2017

Introduction: Urban green space and other recreational facilities are associated with physical activity. For adolescents living in multistory housing, public outdoor spaces that support physical activity may play an important role in activity promotion strategies. However, stronger evidence for a relation between the built environment and adolescent physical activity is ...



Objectively measured physical activity patterns, sedentary time and parent-reported screen-time across the day in four-year-old Swedish children

  • Published on Aug 1, 2017

Background: Physical activity (PA) improves health outcomes accumulating evidence suggests that sedentary time (ST), especially parent-reported screen-time, is associated with negative health outcomes in children. The aim of the present study is to describe levels and patterns of PA and ST across the day and week and activity pattern differences ...


Accelerometer-based physical activity and sedentary behavior assessment in Brazilian military firefighters: the Brasilia Firefighters Study – BFS

  • Presented on Oct. 2017

Introduction: Firefighting is known to be a high cardiovascular risky activity, involving elevated physical and psychological demands. We hypothesized that during a routine 24-hour on-duty period firefighters combine physical activities of different intensities/durations with long periods of sedentary behavior. Purpose: To evaluate the physical activity level (PAL) and sedentary ...